Bangladesh has sustained a good track record of growth and development over the past decades. The economy has grown by nearly six percent per annum over the past decade; and has been resilient to the effects of the recent global financial crisis and frequent natural disasters. In addition, the country has made laudable progress on many aspects of human development and is on track to meet the Millennium Development Goals for infant and child mortality and gender equality in education. However, development needs remain large and pressing, with around 50 million people still living in poverty.
Bangladesh’s ICT industry has developed considerably over the past decade. Telecommunications has generated total industry investments of USD4.5 billion since 2002, and the industry currently provides about 8 percent of the government’s total revenue per annum. Mobile penetration rates have increased from less than 1 percent in 2002 to 44 percent at the end of 2010, and 98 percent of the country is now covered by a wireless network. The government has also actively promoted its Digital Bangladesh program which has generated high expectations among citizens.
The Ministry of Posts, Telecommunication and Information Technology and the Bangladesh Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (BTRC) govern the sector. Ministry of Posts, Telecommunication and Information Technology is the policy maker for the ICT sector and the telecommunications sector. The Bangladesh Computer Council (BCC) is an agency of Ministry of Posts, Telecommunication and Information Technology,and supports the implementation of e-Government programs and ICT capacity building initiatives; and is responsible for managing key shared infrastructure and standard setting across the agencies.